Essay On Water Cycle For Kids

The water cycle is the cycle that water goes through on Earth.

Water is essential for life as we know it. It is present throughout the Solar System, and was part of the Earth from its formation. The source of the water was the same as the source of the Earth's rock: the cloud of particles which condensed in the origin of the solar system.[1]

The cycle[change | change source]

  • First, water on the surface of the Earth evaporates. Evaporation means that the sun heats up the water which turns into gas.
  • Then, water collects as water vapor in the sky. This makes clouds.
  • Next, the water in the clouds gets cold. This makes it become liquid again. This process is called condensation.
  • Then, the water falls from the sky as rain, snow, sleet or hail. This is called precipitation.
  • The water sinks into the surface and also collects into lakes, oceans, or aquifers. It evaporates again and continues the cycle.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. ↑Van Andel, Tjeerd H. 1994. New views on an old planet: a history of global change Chapter 14. 2nd ed, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-44755-0

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[in Spanish]

KidZone Science
The Water Cycle

© Contributed by Leanne Guenther

Run and get a glass of water and put it on the table next to you.  Take a good long look at the water.  Now -- can you guess how old it is?

The water in your glass may have fallen from the sky as rain just last week, but the water itself has been around pretty much as long as the earth has!

When the first fish crawled out of the ocean onto the land, your glass of water was part of that ocean.  When the Brontosaurus walked through lakes feeding on  plants, your glass of water was part of those lakes.  When kings and princesses, knights and squires took a drink from their wells, your glass of water was part of those wells.

And you thought your parents were OLD


The earth has a limited amount of water.  That water keeps going around and around and around and around and (well, you get the idea) in what we call the "Water Cycle".

This cycle is made up of a few main parts:

  • evaporation (and transpiration)
  • condensation
  • precipitation
  • collection


Evaporation is when the sun heats up water in rivers or lakes or the ocean and turns it into vapor or steam. The water vapor or steam leaves the river, lake or ocean and goes into the air.


Do plants sweat?

Well, sort of....  People perspire (sweat) and plants transpire.  Transpiration is the process by which plants lose water out of their leaves.  Transpiration gives evaporation a bit of a hand in getting the water vapor back up into the air.


Water vapor in the air gets cold and changes back into liquid, forming clouds. This is called condensation.

You can see the same sort of thing at home...  Pour a glass of cold water on a hot day and watch what happens.  Water forms on the outside of the glass.  That water didn't somehow leak through the glass!  It actually came from the air.  Water vapor in the warm air, turns back into liquid when it touches the cold glass.



Precipitation occurs when so much water has condensed that the air cannot hold it anymore.  The clouds get heavy and water falls back to the earth in the form of rain, hail, sleet or snow.




When water falls back to earth as precipitation, it may fall back in the oceans, lakes or rivers or it may end up on land.  When it ends up on land, it will either soak into the earth and become part of the “ground water” that plants and animals use to drink or it may run over the soil and collect in the oceans, lakes or rivers where the cycle starts

all over again.


Water Cycle Activity Pages.

Print these out and use them as posters or coloring pages.  Sheets 2 thru 4 have some suggested activities you can do at home to demonstrate the Water Cycle.

Sheet 1  -  (color)   or   (B&W)

Sheet 2  -  (color)   or   (B&W)

Sheet 3  -  (color)   or   (B&W)

Sheet 4  -  (color)   or   (B&W)

Sheet 5  -  (color)   or   (B&W)


Check out the Spanish version of the Water Cycle >



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