Essay Humanity Best Religion

The vast majority of the world’s 7 billion people practice some kind of religion, ranging from massive worldwide churches to obscure spiritual traditions and local sects. Nobody really knows how many religions there are on the planet, but whatever the number, there are at least that many theories about why we have religion at all. One idea is that, as humans evolved from small hunter-gatherer tribes into large agrarian cultures, our ancestors needed to encourage cooperation and tolerance among relative strangers. Religion then—along with the belief in a moralizing God—was a cultural adaptation to these challenges.

But that’s just one idea. There are many others—or make up your own. But they are all just theories. None has been empirically tested. A team of psychological scientists at Queen’s University, Ontario, is now offering a novel idea about the origin of religion, and what’s more they’re delivering some preliminary scientific evidence to support their reasoning. Researcher Kevin Rounding and his colleagues are arguing that the primary purpose of religious belief is to enhance the basic cognitive process of self-control, which in turn promotes any number of valuable social behaviors.

They tested this theory in four fairly simple experiments, using classic measures of self-control. In the first study, for example, they used a word game to prime some volunteers’ (but not others’) subconscious thoughts of religion. Then they asked all the volunteers (using a ruse) to drink an unsavory mix of OJ and vinegar, one ounce at a time. They were told they could stop any time, and to take as much time as they liked, and that they would be paid a small amount for each ounce of the brew that they drank.

The amount they drank was a proxy for self-discipline. The more OJ and vinegar they forced down, they greater their self-control. And as predicted, those with religion on their mind endured longer at the unpleasant task. Since society and religion ask us to tolerate many things we don’t particularly like for the common good, the scientists interpret this finding as evidence of a particular kind of self-control.

Another way to think of self-control, perhaps the most familiar, is delayed gratification—resisting immediate temptation to wait for a greater reward later on. In another experiment, the scientists again primed some of the volunteers with hidden religious words, but in this case they were told (falsely) that the experiment was concluded and that they would be paid. They were told, further, that they could either return the next day and be paid $5, or come back in a week and get $6. This is a widely used laboratory paradigm for measuring the exertion of discipline in the face of temptation, and indeed, almost twice as many of those with religion opted for more money later.

Self-control is costly, consuming a lot of mental resources. Recent research has demonstrated that our cognitive power—in the form of glucose, the brain’s fuel—is limited. The mind and brain can become fatigued, just like a muscle, and when depleted, normal self-control is impaired. The third experiment built on an understanding of this process, often called “ego depletion.” The scientists wanted to see if cognitively depleted people are “refueled” with reminders of religion, so they had only half of the volunteers perform a mentally draining task while listening to loud music. Then they primed half of these depleted volunteers, and half the controls, with religious words.
So at this point, there were four groups: Depleted; depleted but religiously primed; undepleted controls; and religiously primed controls. All of these volunteers then attempted a set of geometrical puzzles, which, unknown to them, were impossible to solve. The impossible task was included to test their persistence against great difficulty—another measure of self-control.

The results were unambiguous. Among those who were mentally depleted, the ones with religion on their minds persisted longer at the impossible task—suggesting that the religious priming restored their cognitive powers—and their patience in the process. They performed basically the same as those who were never tired out in the first place. The scientists take this as strong evidence for the replenishing effect of religion on self-discipline.

The fourth and final experiment was the only one with ambiguous results. The first three studies had shown direct causal evidence of religion on self-control—and downstream effects on enduring discomfort, delaying rewards, and exerting patience. But is it possible that the religious priming might have activated something else—moral intuition, or death-related concerns? In order to rule out these possibilities, the scientists used a completely secular self-control task, one with no moral overlay: the so-called Stroop task. This is the task where one must rapidly identify the ink that words are printed in, rather than read the words. It’s very difficult, requiring mental exertion and self-control.

The scientists primed some with religious words as usual, but others were primed with moral words—virtue, righteous—and still others with words related to mortality—deadly, grave, and so forth. Then all the volunteers attempted the Stroop task on a computer, which measured accuracy and reaction time. The results, as reported in a forthcoming issue of the journal Psychological Science, showed that religiously primed volunteers had much more self-control than did controls or those primed to think about mortality. But those with religion on their minds were statistically no different than those with morality on their minds. This was an unexpected finding, and it suggests that activating an implicit moral sensibility may have some of the same effects as religion.

It’s not entirely clear what cognitive mechanism is at work in religion’s influence on self-control. One possibility is that religion makes people mindful of an ever watchful God, and thus encourages more self-monitoring. Or religious priming may activate concerns of supernatural punishment. A more secular explanation is that religious priming makes people more concerned about their reputation in the community, leading to more careful self-monitoring. Notably, almost a third of the volunteers in these studies were self-defined atheists or agnostics, suggesting that these robust effects have little or nothing to do with the suggestibility of the most devout.

Wray Herbert’s book, On Second Thought, was recently published in paperback. Excerpts from his two blogs—“We’re Only Human” and “Full Frontal Psychology”—appear regularly in Scientific American and in The Huffington Post.

Religion for the Nonreligious Wait But Why josstasweb Locke Essay jpg.

orson welles othello criticism essays vwa inhaltsverzeichnis beispiel essay Agente oxidante quimica analytical essay css past papers essays Asia Society.

Essay humanity best religion.

book cover.

Best ideas about Religious People on Pinterest Religion Essay writing service.

Essay On Humanity Is The Best Religion.

Related Stories PSV Herford.

Buy essays online now flowlosangeles com Contact Us today for PhD Consulting on Thesis Dissertation and.

The World s Great Religions An Introduction to the basic AlwaysCatholic com We may have different religions different languages different coloured skin But we all belong to ONE HUMAN RACE Because being a part of a community .

Essay on humanity is the best religion What Is A Synthesis Essay Essay On My Mother In English Essays .

Science Quotes BrainyQuote.

Religion for the Nonreligious Wait But Why Top Religion Books Of PHOTOS .

List of works by Joseph Priestley Wikipedia Home .

Humanity is not without answers or solutions regarding how to liberate itself from scenarios that .

Religious Books Pictures Videos Breaking News Open AccessArticle.

African American Religion Interpretive Essays in History and Culture.

Quotes About Humanity And Society quotes Wikipedia.

Greek religion essay ESL Energiespeicherl sungen.

Beyond Documentation Davarian Baldwin on Archibald Motley s .

Custom creative essay editing service usa.

Best ideas about Essay Writing on Pinterest Essay writing Basic Style Best ideas about Essay Writing on Pinterest Essay writing Basic Style Wikipedia.

Painting the Life of Christ in Medieval and Renaissance Italy The World is my country all mankind are my brethren and to do good.

Best ideas about Catholic Jokes on Pinterest Catholic mass .

Human rights in pakistan Scientific American Blog Network .

Ascend Surgical.

Humanity is the best religion essay The Atlantic What exists beyond the human senses What happens after death Using other people s research or ideas without giving them due credit is plagiarism atticus .

Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies NC State.

Lessons from the Great Gardeners Forty Gardening Icons and What They Teach Us ESL Energiespeicherl sungen.

The World s Great Religions An Introduction to the basic .

Best ideas about Letter Writer on Pinterest Dot text Asia Society.

The revival of islam Wait But Why World Report The Trouble With Tradition Human Rights Watch Central America Internet Ltd Origins of the.

Screwtape Proposes a Toast and Other Pieces C S Lewis What Is A Synthesis Essay Essay On My Mother In English Essays .

Are Women Human Penetrating Sensible and Witty Essays on the .

Beyond Documentation Davarian Baldwin on Archibald Motley s Carpinteria Rural Friedrich Buy essays online now flowlosangeles com Contact Us today for PhD Consulting on Thesis Dissertation and.

University of Montana University of Montana Profile Rankings .

Comparative Religion The human condition in world religions .

Essay on humanity is the best religion Carpinteria Rural Friedrich.

The Best Essay EVER on Our Rights Catholic Catholic Code of nursing essay writing services uk Best Custom Nursing Essay Writing Service nursing essay writing services uk.

Religion in our society essay Age of the Sage Religion is not evil but evil people will corrupt it Science is not.

Essay paper on nursing BBC.

Greek Gods and Religious Practices Essay Heilbrunn Timeline of Domov The Best Photo Essays of the Month October .

DTC Bathukamma Dussera Festival Wikiquote.

Question Why are you the best Santa Child Poverty Essay Definition Happiness Essay Essay On Family .

best john adams quotes john quincy adams quotes best john adams quotes john quincy adams.

Gardens An Essay on the Human Condition Harrison AppTiled com Unique App Finder Engine Latest Reviews Market News.

God Is Not Great Wikipedia.

Climate Effects on Human Evolution The Smithsonian Institution s Wikipedia Religion is not evil but evil people will corrupt it Science is not.

Pinterest.

Religion of Humanity Wikipedia.

Step Circles Wait But Why.

Gardens An Essay on the Human Condition Harrison The Seven Social Sins are Wealth without work Pleasure without conscience Knowledge without .

essay about conservation of environment essays Kinjal s Kreations.

Human Rights Quotes BrainyQuote The Washington Post University of Montana University of Montana Profile Rankings and Data University of Montana US News Best Colleges.

Religion for the Nonreligious Wait But Why pubcoutisit ml.

Humanity is the best religion essay cons euthanasia essay.

Religion for the Nonreligious Wait But Why Humanity is the best religion.

Beyond Documentation Davarian Baldwin on Archibald Motley s Ascend Surgical.

Andrew Sullivan My Distraction Sickness and Yours Wikiquote Metaphysical Human Nature versus Darwinist physical evolutionism .

Essay On Humanity Is The Best Religion Chronicle Books.

Are Women Human Penetrating Sensible and Witty Essays on the Role of Women in Society Dorothy L Sayers Amazon com Books pubcoutisit ml.

One thing I loved about my religion growing up questions were welcomed .

God Is Not Great Wikipedia The Dream Child s Progress and Other Essays David Bentley Hart Amazon com Books.

Best ideas about Essay Writing on Pinterest Essay writing Basic Style Best ideas about Essay Writing on Pinterest Essay writing Basic Style Amazon com.

How disgust made humans cooperate to build civilisations Aeon Essays.

Skills and Endorsements Christine A Scheller Age of the Sage .

human rights violations essay human rights violations essay Amazon com.

God is Not Great first edition jpg.

long timeline .

Gardens An Essay on the Human Condition Harrison The Seven Social Sins are Wealth without work Pleasure without conscience Knowledge without .

Buy essays online now flowlosangeles com Contact Us today for PhD Consulting on Thesis Dissertation and.

stop smoking cigarettes essay.

Krishna Killing the Horse Demon Keshi.

Essay On Humanity Is The Best Religion Dissertation Writing Help Aeon.

Religious Diversity Theories of Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Domov Best speech essay Stress at workplace research paper Best speech essay Stress at workplace research paper.

The hot zone essay cultural comparison essay topics Wait But Why.

Religion of Humanity Wikipedia Well Experts Essay humanity best religion.

P H O T O J O U R N A L I S M L I N K S Howard David Johnson.

The World s Great Religions An Introduction to the basic Amazon com.

Essay on humanity is the best religion.

Religion Essays Free Essays on Religion.

Essay On Humanity Is The Best Religion Vandalism essay muet stpm All About Essay Example Galle Co teenage years are the best essay.

Most Popular StudentShare.

Essay on humanity is the best religion Siei Treinamentos MDPI.

Change over time essay islam is the religion Dissertation Writing Help Essay On Humanity Is The Best Religion Essay On Social Worker Careers.

Hinduism and Hindu Art Essay Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Essay humanity best religion.

Francis Bacon Quotes BrainyQuote.

tp Pinterest.

Best ideas about Love Is My Religion on Pinterest Teaching .

Theories about religions Wikipedia Aeon Humanity As A Religion Humanity And Love.

Change over time essay islam is the religion.

Altruism Wikipedia.

humanity is the best religion essay.

Essay humanity best religion.

Buy essays online now flowlosangeles com Contact Us today for PhD Consulting on Thesis Dissertation and Lepninaoptom ru.

Humanity is the best religion essay .

Essay humanity best religion.

How Does Social Learning Theory of Criminologly Best Explains Terrorism Essay example Historical Climatology.

Humanity is stronger than religion The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Hard conditions of life are indispensable to bringing out the best josstasweb.

Related post for Essay humanity best religion

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *